Dejan Lukić

Benefits of Agile Methodology

Originally written for Semaphore.

Note: This article is text-heavy.

This is the first part in a series of articles on the importance of Agile Methodology in IT. This series is divided into three parts:

  1. Benefits of Agile Methodology
  2. How Agile Makes Programming Teams Succeed
  3. Strategies for Agile Implementation

The Agile Methodology is an iterative approach to software development that emphasizes flexibility, collaboration, and customer satisfaction. Companies that utilize Agile techniques prioritize delivering working software in small chunks rather than providing a complete solution simultaneously.

Agile is best known for its use in software development projects where requirements are uncertain or subject to change. It emphasizes close collaboration between developers, customers, and other stakeholders and encourages regular communication and feedback. Although it has gained popularity with informational technology teams, one can use it in a wide range of industries that are not closely related to software development.

Agile involves breaking down development into short iterations, the exact length of which can vary depending on the project and team requirements. Successful companies use Agile to work closely with customers to define and prioritize requirements, because it helps them create right-sized products (or products that are “good enough for now”). Consequently, if teams stay true to Agile’s iterative philosophy, it can result in the creation of a high-quality product over many iterations.

Teams use various tools and practices to facilitate collaboration and communication to evaluate progress and identify areas for improvement. Scrum is a project management framework based on Agile Methodology. It focuses on collaboration, flexibility, and iterative development to help teams create right-sized products or products that are appropriate for the time being. At its core, Scrum represents the division of a project into smaller, more manageable chunks called sprints, typically lasting one to four weeks. The team works together during the sprint, starting their day with a short, humble stand-up meeting to ensure that progress is on track. After completion, a Sprint Review presents the current status of the product, inspects and adapts the upcoming increments, gathers feedback processes, and identifies areas for improvement.

Scrum helps teams by providing a clear structure for project management, encouraging collaboration and communication, and allowing for continuous improvement based on team and stakeholder feedback.

When we talk about Agile, there are other frameworks, such as Kanban and Lean. However, due to the popularity of the Scrum framework, it will be this article’s focal point.

Benefits of Agile Methodology

Agile methodology provides increased flexibility and adaptability because it is designed to handle the changes and uncertainties common to many software development projects.

One of the key features of Agile is its iterative approach to development. Instead of delivering a complete solution, development is broken into smaller, more manageable pieces that can be shipped and tested in short iterations.

This approach allows teams to react to changing requirements and feedback in real-time rather than waiting until the project is finished.

Improving communication and collaboration

Agile also encourages a culture of continuous improvement and learning.

This approach emphasizes the ability to adapt to change and respond quickly to feedback, enabling development teams to deliver value to customers faster and more efficiently. Therefore, retrospectives in the Scrum framework are critical since they provide continuous improvement and reflection. Teams are encouraged to reflect on their processes and adjust to optimize performance and deliver better results.

This puts focus on continuous learning and improvement, enabling development teams to respond more easily to changing circumstances and customer needs. The increased flexibility and adaptability offered by Agile Methodology enable development teams to be more responsive to changing requirements and deliver value to customers more quickly and effectively. Teams can also apply Agile Methodology to projects requiring iterative development, continuous feedback, and collaboration.

This approach emphasizes continuous feedback and collaboration, which can help teams identify issues and challenges more quickly and make adjustments as needed. Due to the fact that there are regular opportunities for team members to share their work, receive feedback, and collaborate on solutions, Agile Methodology helps reduce the risk of delays and errors, ultimately leading to more productive and efficient development processes.

Faster delivery of working software

In terms of practicality and efficiency, the Agile Methodology allows teams to ensure faster delivery of working software by emphasizing collaboration, iterative development, and a focus on delivering value to customers promptly.

Critical aspects of Agile that contribute to more rapid delivery of software include:

  1. Iterative Development: Agile breaks development into smaller iterations, usually between 1–4 weeks. Iterative development allows teams to focus on delivering a working solution incrementally rather than waiting until the end of the project to provide the entire solution. This approach enables teams to respond quickly to changing requirements, test and validate solutions, and deliver customer value faster.
  2. Continuous Integration and Delivery: Agile also emphasizes continuous integration and delivery, which means that code is integrated and tested continuously through development.

In Scrum and Agile technology, integrated code refers to the procedure of combining individual team members’ code modifications into a single codebase (using a software versioning tool, e.g. Git) that can be tested and released as a functional software product. Integrated code ensures that everyone on the team is working with the most recent version of the codebase, preventing conflicts and discrepancies between various versions.

Moreover, because Agile and Scrum support continuous integration and testing, any problems or errors may be found and corrected early on in the development cycle, lowering the likelihood that serious difficulties will occur later. This approach ensures that teams can identify and resolve defects or issues quickly, enabling them to deliver working software more frequently.

Increased customer satisfaction

The whole concept of Agile Methodology is centered on delivering customer value and emphasizes customer involvement throughout the development process. The customer actively defines requirements, provides feedback, and regularly reviews progress. The involvement of customers ensures that the software under development meets the customer requirements and that any issues can be addressed early.

However, involving the customer in every development process step is only occasionally feasible or practical. In most cases, a Product Owner is assigned to work with and/or lead the development team and represent the customer’s interests.

Real-Time feedback and adjustments

Companies that fully utilize Agile Methodology are already well-acquainted with daily stand-up meetings, which allow the development team to discuss progress, identify issues, and adjust as needed. For those new to Agile, these meetings are usually short and allow the team to provide real-time feedback on the project’s progress and issues that need to be addressed.

Daily meetings are a vital component of Agile and are essential in providing real-time feedback and coordination within the project. These meetings are usually short (15 minutes or less) and are held at the same time each day, usually in the morning. These meetings are done standing because they are intended to make the real-time feedback and coordination process as short as possible, since many folks are uncomfortable standing for more than fifteen minutes. Therefore, it is the scrum master’s job to hold the team to the time limit and keep the focus on the vital parts of the meeting and, consequently, of the whole project.

Concerning the aforementioned issue, it is essential to note that stand-up meetings are not unique to Agile Methodology and can be used in other project management frameworks. The purpose of these meetings is to allow the development team to discuss progress, identify issues, and make necessary adjustments.

During the daily stand-up, each team member answers three questions.

  1. What work did you finish yesterday?
  2. What work are you going to finish today?
  3. What is preventing you from finishing your work?

By answering these questions, team members report project progress in real-time, identify issues or problems that need to be addressed, and communicate with other team members about their work. This ensures everyone is on the same page and working towards the same goal. In addition, daily stand-up meetings allow the development team to adjust as needed.

Once team members identify a problem, the team can work together to find a solution and adjust the project plan as needed. This allows the team to adapt quickly and ensure that the project is progressing as planned.

Emphasis on teamwork and self-organization

Agile techniques emphasize teamwork and self-organization as fundamental principles of the methodology. In an Agile environment, the development team can take responsibility for the project and make decisions. Rather than relying on a traditional top-down management approach, this approach encourages team members to collaborate, communicate, and work together to achieve the project goals.

The focus is on teamwork, and collaboration is reinforced by the Agile Methodology’s iterative development approach, which involves regular meetings and frequent feedback on progress. This approach also emphasizes self-organization, which means that the development team has the autonomy to decide how to approach their work and the flexibility to adapt as needed.

Although there is a high level of autonomy within the team, one vital role that needs to be further explained is the Product Owner. The Product Owner is the principal stakeholder who represents the client or end-user and is in charge of managing the product backlog. Working closely with other project participants, such as the Scrum Master and the development team, is a crucial part of the Product Owner’s job. According to Scrum and Agile methodologies, the Product Owner is responsible for defining and prioritizing the product backlog, which is a list of features, improvements, and flaws that the team must fix.

In practical terms, Agile and Scrum allow the team to communicate with customers to show them how the project progresses incrementally. Also, the presence of a Product Owner means that customers’ needs are being faithfully represented. This is beneficial since customers can express their needs and comment on the work. In the long term, it saves time and improves communication.


Companies need to be able to swiftly react to shifting client desires and market situations in today’s fast-paced business environment. The Agile Methodology offers an iterative approach to software development that stresses flexibility, collaboration, and client satisfaction as a solution to this problem.

Teams that embrace this approach are able to produce working software gradually rather than waiting until the end of the project to deliver the whole solution, since development is broken down into smaller, more manageable pieces.

Here you can read more about how Agile makes programming teams succeed.

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